An article from Edutopia:
To a generation of kids weaned on movies, using film in the classroom may seem like a natural educational tool for smart teachers. But the move to use cinema to teach a whole range of subjects — history, sociology, perspective, and visual literacy quickly spring to mind — may be a lot trickier than it seems. It can also get downright explosive.
Earlier this year, for instance, in a suburban Seattle high school, the film An Inconvenient Truth got even more inconvenient when parents complained that the school didn’t present a balanced perspective about the film’s warning of global warming. School district policy states that films presented must be accompanied by a “credible, legitimate opposing view.”
The Federal Way Public School District, in Federal Way, Washington, imposed a temporary moratorium on the film; after two weeks of criticism in the local and national scenes, the school board still insisted that opposing views be considered.
Meanwhile, the Chicago Board of Education was sued in May after a substitute teacher showed the R-rated (and Oscar-winning) film Brokeback Mountain to an eighth-grade class. The lawsuit claims student Jessica Turner suffered psychological distress after viewing the movie at Ashburn Community Elementary School. The film, according to the lawsuit filed in Cook County Circuit Court, was shown without permission from parents and guardians.
The twelve-year-old and her grandparents, Kenneth and LaVerne Richardson, seek more than $400,000 in damages. Turner’s grandfather and guardian, Kenneth Richardson, explained, “It is very important to me that my children not be exposed to this.”
Teachers have long known that community standards — which vary widely around the country — often dictate what they can (and can’t) show in the classroom. Typically, parents are informed a few days before the showing of a film, allowing them a chance to have their child dismissed from the showing.
Still, controversies remain. Denise Harman, an instructor at the Dale Jackson Career Center, in Lewisville, Texas, recalls one teacher in her school getting an earful from a parent after showing The Graduate, director Mike Nichols’s celebrated coming-of-age movie. “It’s a great film for the students to watch and learn from, because it’s got a wonderful script and great production,” Harman says.
It also has a very brief showing of a woman’s back after she undresses. “The teacher didn’t realize that it would be controversial — but they do now!” Harman says. Sometimes it’s surprising where the line is drawn. The result, according to Harman: “We’re more careful in what we show.”
I’ve got a great idea for how teachers can avoid the controversy that will inevitably arise if they show movies like Brokeback Mountain to 8th graders: stop trying to entertain kids rather than teaching them anything. There, problem solved.